Undervalued and overlooked? The need for better understanding civil society’s contribution to the UK economy
About the report
This analysis builds on Pro Bono Economics’ 2019 Annual Lecture, ‘The Third Pillar and the Fourth Industrial Revolution’ given by Andy Haldane, Chief Economist at the Bank of England, and co-founder of Pro Bono Economics.
The report has been produced for PBE by Jon Franklin, Mark Graham and Matt Whittaker, with comments by Andy Haldane and Karl Wilding, Chief Executive, NCVO. All views and errors remain those of Pro Bono Economics.
All quoted survey figures are from PBE and Civil Society Media. Total sample size was 433 UK charities. Fieldwork was undertaken between 28 and 29 April 2020. The survey was carried out online.